Learn the vocabulary to talk about being absent from jobs in English:
to take time off = to be absent from work, at home or on vacation.
I’m going to take a few days off to visit my parents.
I’m taking Monday off to go to the dentist and do some jobs at home.
to take a vacation = to take time away from work, especially when you travel for pleasure.
I’m taking my vacation next month. We’re going to Spain.
I have to take my vacation during the school holidays because of my children.
to take a sabbatical = to take time away from work to study or travel, usually while continuing to be paid.
He’s on a sabbatical while he does his MBA. He’ll be back next month.
She’s on a sabbatical from her job while she does research for her thesis.
to take unpaid leave = to have an authorized absence from work but without salary.
She’s taken some unpaid leave while she moves house.
I don’t have any paid holiday left so I’d like to take unpaid leave.
to be off sick = to be absent from work due to illness.
When you are off sick, you must provide a doctor’s note.
He has been off sick for a few days now. I think he’ll be back at work on Monday.
sick leave = the time that you can be absent from work, often while being paid part or all of your salary.
She is having an operation and so will be on sick leave for the next two months.
When you are on sick leave prescribed by your doctor, you get paid your full salary for the first three months.
maternity leave = the period a mother is legally authorised to be absent from work before and after the birth of a child.
Her maternity leave finishes next week but she is not coming back to work.
Statutory maternity leave is paid for up to 26 weeks and can start 11 weeks before the baby is due.
parental leave = the time that a parent is allowed to spend away from work to take care of their baby.
He has taken parental leave to look after the baby while his wife returns to work.
You have to work for an employer for one year to qualify for parental leave to look after your children.
statutory sick pay = the money paid by a company to an employee who cannot work due to illness.
If you are absent from work due to illness, you may be able to claim sick pay.
To claim sick pay, you have to have medical certificate from your doctor stating that you are unable to work.
a public holiday = a day when almost everybody does not have to go to work (for example in Indonesia August 17th or January 1st).
We have 25 days paid holiday plus 10 public holidays.
When there is a public holiday on a Thursday, many people take the Friday off too.