Tag Archive | bahasa

English Phrasal Verbs (Part 3)

Part III

  1. Log on(to) to connect to the internet/a website

I open the new website, but I can’t log on; Maybe it’s under construction.

  1. Look after to take care of

Looking after a kitten is not an easy job.

  1. Look up to try to find information in a book, etc.

It rarely happens to me looking up unknown words in the dictionary since I’m getting used to search for information in the online dictionary.

  1. Make up to invent an explanation, excuse, etc.

What an ignorant boy! I can’t make up his unforgiveable mistakes.

  1. Move in to start living in a new house, etc.

I’m moving in Kyiv next month.

  1. Pay back to return money (to someone)

I feel ashamed to the owner of pet shop since I’ve never paid the money back that I borrowed two weeks ago.

  1. Pick up to lift something from the floor, a table, etc.

Kids, pick your toys up and start studying!

  1. Point out to tell someone important information

I point you out that I work every day; It’s the reason why I can’t meet you so often.

  1. Print out to make a paper copy of something on a computer

I seldom buy original books from e-bay. I only search for the free downloadable e-book versions and print them out; It’s much cheaper!

  1. Pull off to break by pulling

The careless dentist pulled my son’s tooth off by mistake yesterday; Now, I accuse and sconce him to pay $3.000.000

  1. Put away to return something to where it belongs

Thanks for borrowing the beautiful flowers; You don’t need to worry because  I’ve already put them away in the vase.

  1. Put back to return something to where it was

I want to put this book back; but i forget which rack it belongs to.

  1. Put down to stop holding

My girlfriend put her hand down from my arm when she came across her ex.

  1. Put off to delay to a later time

To put off is similar with to procrastinate, the words which I hate very much.

  1. Put on to gain (weight)

If I were you, i would put on. It’s terrible! I only can see bone and skin.

  1. Put on to start wearing (a piece of clothing)

Put your jackets and scarf on if you don’t want to get cold outside.

  1. Put out to make something stop burning

Unfortunately, the unexperienced firefighters couldn’t put the ferocious fire out resulting many ablaze electronics burnt like those in the hell.

  1. Put up to put something on a wall (ex. a picture)

We’re going to take a valentine’s day competition. Notice that the best love letters will be put up in the lobby.

  1. Read out to say something out loud which you are reading

If you want to remember the new vocabulary fast, read the words out.

  1. Rip up to tear into pieces

This illegal application letter should be ripped up asap to avoid fights.

  1. Rub out to remove with a rubber

The imprudent students can’t rub out his wrong answers since he’s written everything in ink.

  1. Run away (from) to escape by running

The little girl screams and runs away from a giant monster.

  1. Run out (of) to not have any left

Damn, we’re on the way to the jungle and now we run out of the fuel!

  1. Save up (for) to save money (for a specific purpose)

I’ve been saving up for 1 year for taking a vacation abroad.

  1. Send off to make a player leave a game

What a sly player! I wish the referee sent him off.

  1. Set off to start a journey

Finally I get my long holiday and I’m able to set off to explore the beauty of my country.

  1. Set up to start (a business, organization, etc.)

This unexperienced man had set up a leather company, but he failed in only 3 months.

English Phrasal Verbs (Part 2)

Part II

  1. Get away with to escape punishment for

The villain, who has been in the prison for three times, had robbed the bank, but he got away with it.

  1. Get in(to) to enter a car

What a careless man! Take the purse then get into the car quickly!

  1. Get off to leave a bus, train etc.

I always get off the school bus at 7.30

  1. Get on (with) to have a good relationship (with)

Melannie can get on with everybody easily.

  1. Get on (to) to enter a bus, train etc.

You must show the ticket to the conductor after getting on the train.

  1. Get out (of) to leave a car, building, room, etc.

Quick! Get out of the car or you’ll become roast corpse!

  1. Get over to recover from (an illness)

I usually need a week to get over from flu.

  1. Get up to leave your bed

What a lazy girl! She’s always getting up after 8!

  1. Give away to give something free of charge

They’ll give a bar of chocolate away if you show that today is your birthday.

  1. Give back to return something you’ve taken/borrowed

I never give the books back to the library before the due date.

  1. Give up to stop doing something you do regularly

Enough already! I give up playing video games 3 hours a day!

  1. Go away to leave a place/someone

“You are disgusting! Telling my big secret to everyone without feeling any guilty. Now, go away!”

  1. Go back (to) to return (to)

I believe that someday I will go back to meet you in the promised land.

  1. Go off to no longer be fresh

These avocadoes have already gone off! I can’t consume them or I’ll get matters with my belly.

  1. Go on to continue happening or doing something

I go on with my homework in the classroom despite being scolded by teachers.

  1. Go on to happen

Please, don’t fire me! I assure that this pathetic experience will never go on anymore in the future.

  1. Go out to stop burning

The electronic centre, which I’m used to visiting, burnt at night and didn’t go out until the firefighter came late.

  1. Go out with to be the boyfriend/girlfriend of

Matthew is going out with Katie for 3 years now, after they met on a blind date.

  1. Grow up to become older (for children)

My cats grow up fast as I give them a lot of protein and meat.

  1. Hang on to wait

Hang on, I must answer to my mother’s question first.

  1. Hang up to put clothes in a wardrobe, etc.

I can’t hang up my clothes since I don’t have any wardrobes.

  1. Hang up to put the receiver down to end a phone call

I don’t like people who hang up without saying ‘good-bye’, it sounds rude to me!

  1. Have on to wear (a piece of clothing)

The cats have cute clothes on and are ready to hang out with my dog.

  1. Hurry up to do something more quickly

If I go with my father, I won’t need to hurry up preparing the equipment for picnic since he’s such a slow person.

  1. Join in to participate, take part

This time tomorrow I will be joining in the play.

  1. Keep out to prevent from entering

You can’t step on the grass, there’s plank written “keep out!”

  1. Leave out to not include

I don’t like Stanislav and Slava, so I leave them out attending my party.

  1. Let down to disappoint

My students’ bad behaviour always let me down.

  1. Lie down to start lying (on a bed, etc.)

I’m so tired that I lie down without take my jacket down.

  1. Log off to disconnect from the Internet/a website

I don’t know how to log off from this messy website since the appearance isn’t rather user friendly.

Unique and Funny Multitasking

Multitasking is several vims which are done simultaneously. It may save your time, increase productivity and prevents procrastination; in some cases, save your money. But not all multitasking is good to accomplish. It sometimes impairs your concentration as based on research, a human brain can do one thing in a time. Doing multitasking sometimes can be unique and funny, for instance:

Cat’s multitasking

This innocent cat seemed happy with his activities as it ate and defecated in the same time. It didn’t worry its environment at all, and kept focus on his cute actions.

cute cat

5 activities in the same time

If you notice this picture. I bet you can guess easily what was happening. Yes! He was driving a bus, smoking a cigarette, drinking a cup of coffee, calling through cell phone and serving passengers. Two thumbs up for this versatile steersman.

naughy driver

Parenting

While naughty sister was being ordered to take care of her small relative. She was preoccupied playing game with her tablet. As she did not want to abandon hers, she used her foot to manage the bottle of milk. Her parents would have been angry and laugh seeing this funny occurrence.

Parenting

Hula hoop

Admittedly, Hula hoop can solve fat problem especially on belly’s part. While he prickled on his nose, picking his nose should be done. The bravo boy seemed so straightforward that he did not notice what was he doing.

Hula hoop

Playing Game

Most of us love to play consoles to diminish exhaustion and replenish our happiness. It is sometimes sucks to receive a call when we are eager playing game (in fact I feel the same, lol). As he did not want to leave both of these vigours, this dude kept continuing two hustles at the same time. Well, With a little help of his foot, he could ensure his cell phone stick on his ear.

Playing Game

Multitasking Damages Your Brain and Your Career, New Studies Suggest

Multitasking

You’ve likely heard that multitasking is problematic, but new studies show that it kills your performance and may even damage your brain. Research conducted at Standford University found that multitasking is less productive than doing a single thing at a time. The researchers also found that people who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information cannot pay attention, recall information, or switch from one job to another as well as those who complete one task at a time.

A Special Skill?

But what if some people have a special gift for multitasking? The Stanford researchers compared groups of people based on their tendency to multitask and their belief that it helps their performance. They found that heavy multitaskers—those who multitask a lot and feel that it boosts their performance—were actuallyworse at multitasking than those who like to do a single thing at a time. The frequent multitaskers performed worse because they had more trouble organizing their thoughts and filtering out irrelevant information, and they were slower at switching from one task to another. Ouch.

Multitasking reduces your efficiency and performance because your brain can only focus on one thing at a time. When you try to do two things at once, your brain lacks the capacity to perform both tasks successfully.

Multitasking Lowers IQ

Research also shows that, in addition to slowing you down, multitasking lowers your IQ. A study at the University of London found that participants who multitasked during cognitive tasks experienced IQ score declines that were similar to what they’d expect if they had smoked marijuana or stayed up all night. IQ drops of 15 points for multitasking men lowered their scores to the average range of an 8-year-old child.

So the next time you’re writing your boss an email during a meeting, remember that your cognitive capacity is being diminished to the point that you might as well let an 8-year-old write it for you.

Brain Damage From Multitasking

It was long believed that cognitive impairment from multitasking was temporary, but new research suggests otherwise. Researchers at the University of Sussex in the UK compared the amount of time people spend on multiple devices (such as texting while watching TV) to MRI scans of their brains. They found that high multitaskers had less brain density in the anterior cingulate cortex, a region responsible for empathy as well as cognitive and emotional control.

While more research is needed to determine if multitasking is physically damaging the brain (versus existing brain damage that predisposes people to multitask), it’s clear that multitasking has negative effects. Neuroscientist Kep Kee Loh, the study’s lead author, explained the implications: “I feel that it is important to create an awareness that the way we are interacting with the devices might be changing the way we think and these changes might be occurring at the level of brain structure.”

Learning From Multitasking

If you’re prone to multitasking, this is not a habit you’ll want to indulge—it clearly slows you down and decreases the quality of your work. Even if it doesn’t cause brain damage, allowing yourself to multitask will fuel any existing difficulties you have with concentration, organization, and attention to detail.

Multitasking in meetings and other social settings indicates low Self- and Social Awareness, two emotional intelligence (EQ) skills that are critical to success at work. TalentSmart has tested more than a million people and found that 90% of top performers have high EQs. If multitasking does indeed damage the anterior cingulate cortex (a key brain region for EQ) as current research suggests, it will lower your EQ in the process.

So every time you multitask you aren’t just harming your performance in the moment; you may very well be damaging an area of your brain that’s critical to your future success at work.

Source

Time off – expressions

Learn the vocabulary to talk about being absent from jobs in English:

 

to take time off = to be absent from work, at home or on vacation.

I’m going to take a few days off to visit my parents.

I’m taking Monday off to go to the dentist and do some jobs at home.


to take a vacation = to take time away from work, especially when you travel for pleasure.

I’m taking my vacation next month. We’re going to Spain.

I have to take my vacation during the school holidays because of my children.


to take a sabbatical = to take time away from work to study or travel, usually while continuing to be paid.

He’s on a sabbatical while he does his MBA. He’ll be back next month.

She’s on a sabbatical from her job while she does research for her thesis.


to take unpaid leave = to have an authorized absence from work but without salary.

She’s taken some unpaid leave while she moves house.

I don’t have any paid holiday left so I’d like to take unpaid leave.


to be off sick = to be absent from work due to illness.

When you are off sick, you must provide a doctor’s note.

He has been off sick for a few days now. I think he’ll be back at work on Monday.


sick leave = the time that you can be absent from work, often while being paid part or all of your salary.

She is having an operation and so will be on sick leave for the next two months.

When you are on sick leave prescribed by your doctor, you get paid your full salary for the first three months.


maternity leave = the period a mother is legally authorised to be absent from work before and after the birth of a child.

Her maternity leave finishes next week but she is not coming back to work.

Statutory maternity leave is paid for up to 26 weeks and can start 11 weeks before the baby is due.


parental leave = the time that a parent is allowed to spend away from work to take care of their baby.

He has taken parental leave to look after the baby while his wife returns to work.

You have to work for an employer for one year to qualify for parental leave to look after your children.


statutory sick pay = the money paid by a company to an employee who cannot work due to illness.

If you are absent from work due to illness, you may be able to claim sick pay.

To claim sick pay, you have to have medical certificate from your doctor stating that you are unable to work.


a public holiday = a day when almost everybody does not have to go to work (for example in Indonesia August 17th or January 1st).

We have 25 days paid holiday plus 10 public holidays.

When there is a public holiday on a Thursday, many people take the Friday off too.

 

source

Memperkenalkan Diri dalam Bahasa Italia

Memperkenalkan diri merupakan hal yang lazim digunakan ketika Anda baru mengenal seseorang. Dalam tulisan kali ini, Berikut disajikan percakapan sederhana untuk memperkenalkan diri dalam bahasa Italia.

Gianni : Sei tu Annemarie? Kamu Annemarie?
Annemarie : Si, sono io. Ya, saya sendiri.
Gianni : Ciao, io sono Gianni. Hai, saya Gianni.
Annemarie : Ciao, piacere!. Hai, senang bertemu denganmu.
Gianni : Sei italiana? Kamu orang Italia?
Annemarie : Si sono italiana di Oristano e tu? Ya, saya orang Italia berasal dari Oristano dan kamu?
Gianni : Anch’io sono italiano ma di Cagliari. Saya juga orang Italia tapi dari Cagliari.

 

Kata Ganti Subjek:

Kata Ganti Subjek   Kata Kerja tak teratur(Essere)
Io Saya Io Sono
Tu Kamu tu Sei
Lui / lei Dia Lui/ lei E’
Noi Kami noi Siamo
Voi Kalian voi Avete
Loro Mereka loro sono

Menanyakan Kabar (Come stai? Apa kabarmu?)

Molto bene                        (Baik-baik saja)

Bene                                     (Baik)

Abbastanza bene             (Cukup baik)

Non c’e’ male                    (Tidak buruk/lumayan)

Cosi’ cosi’                            (Ya begitulah)

Male                                     (Buruk)

Molto male                        (Buruk sekali)

Kata Kerja Tak Teratur(Stare Tinggal)
Io sto’
Tu stai
Lui/ lei sta’
Noi stiamo
Voi state
Loro stanno

Penggunaan kata kerja Stare:

  • Merujuk ke lokasi
Sto a casa (Saya akan ada dirumah).
  • Merujuk ke kesehatan
Come stai? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)
  • Merujuk ke opini pribadi
Mi sta bene! (Saya setuju!)
  • Merujuk ke kata kerja yang berarti “sedang”
Sto mangiando (Saya sedang makan).

 

Conversazione (Percakapan)

Gianni : Bene, allora ci vediamo domani! Baiklah, kita ketemu lagi besok.
Nathalie : Si certo dove? Tentu, dimana?
Gianni : Qui, in via del convento. Disini, di jalan Convento.
Nathalie : Va bene a domani allora! Baiklah, sampai jumpa lagi besok.
Gianni : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!
Nathalie : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!

 

Berpamitan

A dopo (sampai nanti)

Ci vediamo (sampai jumpa)

Arrivederci (sampai jumpa lagi)

A presto (sampai bertemu lagi)

A domani (sampai besok)

Ciao (Halo/ sampai jumpa)

A piu’ tardi (sampai nanti)

Latihan. Lengkapi dengan  kata kerja “essere” dan “stare” :

 1     Ciao come tu (stare)__________?

2     Bene grazie e lei come (stare) __________?

3     Anch’io (stare) __________bene.

4     Voi (stare) __________qui a Milano?

5     Noi (stare) __________a Milano per lavoro.

6     Dove (essere) __________i tuoi amici?

7     La lezione (essere) __________difficile.

8     Io (essere) __________stanco.

9     Tu  (essere) __________Marcello.

Dizionarietto (Kamus mini)

a di
Allora jadi
Amico teman
Anche juga
Bene baik
Ciao sampai  jumpa
Certo tentu
Come seperti
Di dari
Difficile susah

Penulis adalah Pengarang Buku Bahasa Italia: “Parli Italiano” & “Elementi di Grammatica Italiana” yang di terbitkan oleh PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Penulis belajar bahasa Italia di Universita per Stranieri Di Perugia, Italy.

Poor Little Cat

Yesterday, I was going outside to buy credit for my cellphone. I usually go to the nearest market.

In the street, I glanced upon a poor little cat that was lying down, and she seemed very weak. I didn’t understand. Where did this cat come from?

After buying credit for my cellphone, I came back and saw that the kitten was still there. Since I couldn’t stand the thought of seeing it suffer and leave it there, I took the cat home. The people around stared at me as if I was a little robber, but I didn’t care what they thought.

At home, I tried to give her some milk, but this cat was really very weak. I tried to put a baby’s bottle to her mouth but it was difficult, because she was too weak. I had an idea; maybe this cat was too hungry. Then, without any doubt, I went to a little restaurant near home. I bought a fish. The seller asked me why I only bought a fish and didn’t get rice to go with it. I just smiled at her cause I was too shy to explain. And I thought that it was not necessary to explain.

Coming back home, I gave delicious fish to the cat, but she didn’t want to eat this delicious fish. I tried to feed her with my hand and make her stand but, she even was too weak to stand!

Finally, I came to the conclusion that this cat had been poisoned by someone, or maybe she had eaten poison for mice, as the taste of fish was very delicious for any mammals. I saw clearly that she had breathing difficulties, and she used her throat to breath! I saw those her eyes were empty without any hopes to live any longer. It seemed that she had known she would die soon…

“No cat! We have just met several minutes ago, and I will never let you leave me! NEVER! WAKE UP!” I screamed loudly while making her stand.

I tried many different ways to make her wake up, but the result was always nothing…

I was struggling to help her and realized that an hour had gone past. Because of this, I was already late for an appointment with my friend to have lunch at his house [By the way, he always cooks perfectly and I worship all of his food], so I left this poor cat on my terrace. I let her lie down without any power to save her.

After having lunch and surfing on internet at his house, i went back home and saw that cat has already died! I was really sad, but I had known that it’s a consequence she could not avoid. I brought her to the garden and buried her. She didn’t deserve to be thrown to the river near home. For me, the cat is like a human, because they have feelings, too, just like us. It was one of the saddest days I have had ever pass. All I could do was to just pray, sincerely with my tears, that she would be okay in the afterlife.