Tag Archive | bahasa

Multitasking Damages Your Brain and Your Career, New Studies Suggest

Multitasking

You’ve likely heard that multitasking is problematic, but new studies show that it kills your performance and may even damage your brain. Research conducted at Standford University found that multitasking is less productive than doing a single thing at a time. The researchers also found that people who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information cannot pay attention, recall information, or switch from one job to another as well as those who complete one task at a time.

A Special Skill?

But what if some people have a special gift for multitasking? The Stanford researchers compared groups of people based on their tendency to multitask and their belief that it helps their performance. They found that heavy multitaskers—those who multitask a lot and feel that it boosts their performance—were actuallyworse at multitasking than those who like to do a single thing at a time. The frequent multitaskers performed worse because they had more trouble organizing their thoughts and filtering out irrelevant information, and they were slower at switching from one task to another. Ouch.

Multitasking reduces your efficiency and performance because your brain can only focus on one thing at a time. When you try to do two things at once, your brain lacks the capacity to perform both tasks successfully.

Multitasking Lowers IQ

Research also shows that, in addition to slowing you down, multitasking lowers your IQ. A study at the University of London found that participants who multitasked during cognitive tasks experienced IQ score declines that were similar to what they’d expect if they had smoked marijuana or stayed up all night. IQ drops of 15 points for multitasking men lowered their scores to the average range of an 8-year-old child.

So the next time you’re writing your boss an email during a meeting, remember that your cognitive capacity is being diminished to the point that you might as well let an 8-year-old write it for you.

Brain Damage From Multitasking

It was long believed that cognitive impairment from multitasking was temporary, but new research suggests otherwise. Researchers at the University of Sussex in the UK compared the amount of time people spend on multiple devices (such as texting while watching TV) to MRI scans of their brains. They found that high multitaskers had less brain density in the anterior cingulate cortex, a region responsible for empathy as well as cognitive and emotional control.

While more research is needed to determine if multitasking is physically damaging the brain (versus existing brain damage that predisposes people to multitask), it’s clear that multitasking has negative effects. Neuroscientist Kep Kee Loh, the study’s lead author, explained the implications: “I feel that it is important to create an awareness that the way we are interacting with the devices might be changing the way we think and these changes might be occurring at the level of brain structure.”

Learning From Multitasking

If you’re prone to multitasking, this is not a habit you’ll want to indulge—it clearly slows you down and decreases the quality of your work. Even if it doesn’t cause brain damage, allowing yourself to multitask will fuel any existing difficulties you have with concentration, organization, and attention to detail.

Multitasking in meetings and other social settings indicates low Self- and Social Awareness, two emotional intelligence (EQ) skills that are critical to success at work. TalentSmart has tested more than a million people and found that 90% of top performers have high EQs. If multitasking does indeed damage the anterior cingulate cortex (a key brain region for EQ) as current research suggests, it will lower your EQ in the process.

So every time you multitask you aren’t just harming your performance in the moment; you may very well be damaging an area of your brain that’s critical to your future success at work.

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Time off – expressions

Learn the vocabulary to talk about being absent from jobs in English:

 

to take time off = to be absent from work, at home or on vacation.

I’m going to take a few days off to visit my parents.

I’m taking Monday off to go to the dentist and do some jobs at home.


to take a vacation = to take time away from work, especially when you travel for pleasure.

I’m taking my vacation next month. We’re going to Spain.

I have to take my vacation during the school holidays because of my children.


to take a sabbatical = to take time away from work to study or travel, usually while continuing to be paid.

He’s on a sabbatical while he does his MBA. He’ll be back next month.

She’s on a sabbatical from her job while she does research for her thesis.


to take unpaid leave = to have an authorized absence from work but without salary.

She’s taken some unpaid leave while she moves house.

I don’t have any paid holiday left so I’d like to take unpaid leave.


to be off sick = to be absent from work due to illness.

When you are off sick, you must provide a doctor’s note.

He has been off sick for a few days now. I think he’ll be back at work on Monday.


sick leave = the time that you can be absent from work, often while being paid part or all of your salary.

She is having an operation and so will be on sick leave for the next two months.

When you are on sick leave prescribed by your doctor, you get paid your full salary for the first three months.


maternity leave = the period a mother is legally authorised to be absent from work before and after the birth of a child.

Her maternity leave finishes next week but she is not coming back to work.

Statutory maternity leave is paid for up to 26 weeks and can start 11 weeks before the baby is due.


parental leave = the time that a parent is allowed to spend away from work to take care of their baby.

He has taken parental leave to look after the baby while his wife returns to work.

You have to work for an employer for one year to qualify for parental leave to look after your children.


statutory sick pay = the money paid by a company to an employee who cannot work due to illness.

If you are absent from work due to illness, you may be able to claim sick pay.

To claim sick pay, you have to have medical certificate from your doctor stating that you are unable to work.


a public holiday = a day when almost everybody does not have to go to work (for example in Indonesia August 17th or January 1st).

We have 25 days paid holiday plus 10 public holidays.

When there is a public holiday on a Thursday, many people take the Friday off too.

 

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Memperkenalkan Diri dalam Bahasa Italia

Memperkenalkan diri merupakan hal yang lazim digunakan ketika Anda baru mengenal seseorang. Dalam tulisan kali ini, Berikut disajikan percakapan sederhana untuk memperkenalkan diri dalam bahasa Italia.

Gianni : Sei tu Annemarie? Kamu Annemarie?
Annemarie : Si, sono io. Ya, saya sendiri.
Gianni : Ciao, io sono Gianni. Hai, saya Gianni.
Annemarie : Ciao, piacere!. Hai, senang bertemu denganmu.
Gianni : Sei italiana? Kamu orang Italia?
Annemarie : Si sono italiana di Oristano e tu? Ya, saya orang Italia berasal dari Oristano dan kamu?
Gianni : Anch’io sono italiano ma di Cagliari. Saya juga orang Italia tapi dari Cagliari.

 

Kata Ganti Subjek:

Kata Ganti Subjek   Kata Kerja tak teratur(Essere)
Io Saya Io Sono
Tu Kamu tu Sei
Lui / lei Dia Lui/ lei E’
Noi Kami noi Siamo
Voi Kalian voi Avete
Loro Mereka loro sono

Menanyakan Kabar (Come stai? Apa kabarmu?)

Molto bene                        (Baik-baik saja)

Bene                                     (Baik)

Abbastanza bene             (Cukup baik)

Non c’e’ male                    (Tidak buruk/lumayan)

Cosi’ cosi’                            (Ya begitulah)

Male                                     (Buruk)

Molto male                        (Buruk sekali)

Kata Kerja Tak Teratur(Stare Tinggal)
Io sto’
Tu stai
Lui/ lei sta’
Noi stiamo
Voi state
Loro stanno

Penggunaan kata kerja Stare:

  • Merujuk ke lokasi
Sto a casa (Saya akan ada dirumah).
  • Merujuk ke kesehatan
Come stai? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)
  • Merujuk ke opini pribadi
Mi sta bene! (Saya setuju!)
  • Merujuk ke kata kerja yang berarti “sedang”
Sto mangiando (Saya sedang makan).

 

Conversazione (Percakapan)

Gianni : Bene, allora ci vediamo domani! Baiklah, kita ketemu lagi besok.
Nathalie : Si certo dove? Tentu, dimana?
Gianni : Qui, in via del convento. Disini, di jalan Convento.
Nathalie : Va bene a domani allora! Baiklah, sampai jumpa lagi besok.
Gianni : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!
Nathalie : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!

 

Berpamitan

A dopo (sampai nanti)

Ci vediamo (sampai jumpa)

Arrivederci (sampai jumpa lagi)

A presto (sampai bertemu lagi)

A domani (sampai besok)

Ciao (Halo/ sampai jumpa)

A piu’ tardi (sampai nanti)

Latihan. Lengkapi dengan  kata kerja “essere” dan “stare” :

 1     Ciao come tu (stare)__________?

2     Bene grazie e lei come (stare) __________?

3     Anch’io (stare) __________bene.

4     Voi (stare) __________qui a Milano?

5     Noi (stare) __________a Milano per lavoro.

6     Dove (essere) __________i tuoi amici?

7     La lezione (essere) __________difficile.

8     Io (essere) __________stanco.

9     Tu  (essere) __________Marcello.

Dizionarietto (Kamus mini)

a di
Allora jadi
Amico teman
Anche juga
Bene baik
Ciao sampai  jumpa
Certo tentu
Come seperti
Di dari
Difficile susah

Penulis adalah Pengarang Buku Bahasa Italia: “Parli Italiano” & “Elementi di Grammatica Italiana” yang di terbitkan oleh PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Penulis belajar bahasa Italia di Universita per Stranieri Di Perugia, Italy.

Poor Little Cat

Yesterday, I was going outside to buy credit for my cellphone. I usually go to the nearest market.

In the street, I glanced upon a poor little cat that was lying down, and she seemed very weak. I didn’t understand. Where did this cat come from?

After buying credit for my cellphone, I came back and saw that the kitten was still there. Since I couldn’t stand the thought of seeing it suffer and leave it there, I took the cat home. The people around stared at me as if I was a little robber, but I didn’t care what they thought.

At home, I tried to give her some milk, but this cat was really very weak. I tried to put a baby’s bottle to her mouth but it was difficult, because she was too weak. I had an idea; maybe this cat was too hungry. Then, without any doubt, I went to a little restaurant near home. I bought a fish. The seller asked me why I only bought a fish and didn’t get rice to go with it. I just smiled at her cause I was too shy to explain. And I thought that it was not necessary to explain.

Coming back home, I gave delicious fish to the cat, but she didn’t want to eat this delicious fish. I tried to feed her with my hand and make her stand but, she even was too weak to stand!

Finally, I came to the conclusion that this cat had been poisoned by someone, or maybe she had eaten poison for mice, as the taste of fish was very delicious for any mammals. I saw clearly that she had breathing difficulties, and she used her throat to breath! I saw those her eyes were empty without any hopes to live any longer. It seemed that she had known she would die soon…

“No cat! We have just met several minutes ago, and I will never let you leave me! NEVER! WAKE UP!” I screamed loudly while making her stand.

I tried many different ways to make her wake up, but the result was always nothing…

I was struggling to help her and realized that an hour had gone past. Because of this, I was already late for an appointment with my friend to have lunch at his house [By the way, he always cooks perfectly and I worship all of his food], so I left this poor cat on my terrace. I let her lie down without any power to save her.

After having lunch and surfing on internet at his house, i went back home and saw that cat has already died! I was really sad, but I had known that it’s a consequence she could not avoid. I brought her to the garden and buried her. She didn’t deserve to be thrown to the river near home. For me, the cat is like a human, because they have feelings, too, just like us. It was one of the saddest days I have had ever pass. All I could do was to just pray, sincerely with my tears, that she would be okay in the afterlife.