Tag Archive | Kido




Inversion => Change the order of something

Using with negative expressions (Verb – Subject – Verb):
Not only did he win, but he also broke the record
Under no circumtances should you call her (=> in no situation, should you call)
The mayor of Toronto refused to resign, nor do we expect him to

In a very formal style (you can also find these in essays)
Should you need any help, don’t hesitate to call (=>Should = if [more formal])
Had I known you were coming (If I had known you were coming…)

John speaks Chinese, as does Lucy
More impostant than love is money

Some expressions:
Here comes Jane.
Man, is it cold out! (=> the function is only to emphasize)
Are you sure? (notice that in all question sentences, inversion happens)

1. “Had I not fallen asleep before the end of the movie, I’d have found out who killed the Minister.”
This sentence can be rewritten as:
a) If I didn’t fall asleep before the end of the movie, I will find out who killed the Minister.
b) If I hadn’t fallen asleep before the end of the movie, I’d have found out who killed the Minister.
c) If I’d known who killed the Minister, I would not have fallen asleep near the end of the movie.
d) I know who killed the Minister. It was the butler.

2. Complete the following sentence:
You do not have to say anything to the police, nor_______________
a) are you required to sign any documents.
b) you are required to sign any documents.
c) you have to sign anything.

3. Not only _____________ pass the test, but he got the highest mark in the class!
a) Joe did
b) Joe didn’t
c) didn’t Joe
d) did Joe

4. What is the subject of the following sentence?
“Here comes Michael.”
a) Here
b) comes
c) Michael

5. Which of the following sentences uses inversion to express disbelief, shock, or strong emotion?
a) He is a such a man!
b) Man, is he brave!
c) He is a brave man.
d) Is he brave?

6. “More important than your application will be your interview.”
What does this sentence mean?
a) Your application will be more important than your interview.
b) Your interview will be more important than your application.
c) More importantly, your application will then be your interview.

7. Under no circumstances _________ reach your hand out of the bus.
a) you can
b) you shouldn’t
c) should you
d) shoulder you

8. “Should you need some advice, call me.”
This sentence can be rewritten as:
a) Call me if you need some advice.
b) If you call me, I’ll advise you.
c) Should you call me for advice?
d) Take my advice, call me.

9. Not only __________ watch the lesson, but you did the quiz as well!
a) you did
b) you don’t
c) did you
d) have you

Check your answer: b a d c b b c a c

Multitasking Damages Your Brain and Your Career, New Studies Suggest


You’ve likely heard that multitasking is problematic, but new studies show that it kills your performance and may even damage your brain. Research conducted at Standford University found that multitasking is less productive than doing a single thing at a time. The researchers also found that people who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information cannot pay attention, recall information, or switch from one job to another as well as those who complete one task at a time.

A Special Skill?

But what if some people have a special gift for multitasking? The Stanford researchers compared groups of people based on their tendency to multitask and their belief that it helps their performance. They found that heavy multitaskers—those who multitask a lot and feel that it boosts their performance—were actuallyworse at multitasking than those who like to do a single thing at a time. The frequent multitaskers performed worse because they had more trouble organizing their thoughts and filtering out irrelevant information, and they were slower at switching from one task to another. Ouch.

Multitasking reduces your efficiency and performance because your brain can only focus on one thing at a time. When you try to do two things at once, your brain lacks the capacity to perform both tasks successfully.

Multitasking Lowers IQ

Research also shows that, in addition to slowing you down, multitasking lowers your IQ. A study at the University of London found that participants who multitasked during cognitive tasks experienced IQ score declines that were similar to what they’d expect if they had smoked marijuana or stayed up all night. IQ drops of 15 points for multitasking men lowered their scores to the average range of an 8-year-old child.

So the next time you’re writing your boss an email during a meeting, remember that your cognitive capacity is being diminished to the point that you might as well let an 8-year-old write it for you.

Brain Damage From Multitasking

It was long believed that cognitive impairment from multitasking was temporary, but new research suggests otherwise. Researchers at the University of Sussex in the UK compared the amount of time people spend on multiple devices (such as texting while watching TV) to MRI scans of their brains. They found that high multitaskers had less brain density in the anterior cingulate cortex, a region responsible for empathy as well as cognitive and emotional control.

While more research is needed to determine if multitasking is physically damaging the brain (versus existing brain damage that predisposes people to multitask), it’s clear that multitasking has negative effects. Neuroscientist Kep Kee Loh, the study’s lead author, explained the implications: “I feel that it is important to create an awareness that the way we are interacting with the devices might be changing the way we think and these changes might be occurring at the level of brain structure.”

Learning From Multitasking

If you’re prone to multitasking, this is not a habit you’ll want to indulge—it clearly slows you down and decreases the quality of your work. Even if it doesn’t cause brain damage, allowing yourself to multitask will fuel any existing difficulties you have with concentration, organization, and attention to detail.

Multitasking in meetings and other social settings indicates low Self- and Social Awareness, two emotional intelligence (EQ) skills that are critical to success at work. TalentSmart has tested more than a million people and found that 90% of top performers have high EQs. If multitasking does indeed damage the anterior cingulate cortex (a key brain region for EQ) as current research suggests, it will lower your EQ in the process.

So every time you multitask you aren’t just harming your performance in the moment; you may very well be damaging an area of your brain that’s critical to your future success at work.


Memperkenalkan Diri dalam Bahasa Italia

Memperkenalkan diri merupakan hal yang lazim digunakan ketika Anda baru mengenal seseorang. Dalam tulisan kali ini, Berikut disajikan percakapan sederhana untuk memperkenalkan diri dalam bahasa Italia.

Gianni : Sei tu Annemarie? Kamu Annemarie?
Annemarie : Si, sono io. Ya, saya sendiri.
Gianni : Ciao, io sono Gianni. Hai, saya Gianni.
Annemarie : Ciao, piacere!. Hai, senang bertemu denganmu.
Gianni : Sei italiana? Kamu orang Italia?
Annemarie : Si sono italiana di Oristano e tu? Ya, saya orang Italia berasal dari Oristano dan kamu?
Gianni : Anch’io sono italiano ma di Cagliari. Saya juga orang Italia tapi dari Cagliari.


Kata Ganti Subjek:

Kata Ganti Subjek   Kata Kerja tak teratur(Essere)
Io Saya Io Sono
Tu Kamu tu Sei
Lui / lei Dia Lui/ lei E’
Noi Kami noi Siamo
Voi Kalian voi Avete
Loro Mereka loro sono

Menanyakan Kabar (Come stai? Apa kabarmu?)

Molto bene                        (Baik-baik saja)

Bene                                     (Baik)

Abbastanza bene             (Cukup baik)

Non c’e’ male                    (Tidak buruk/lumayan)

Cosi’ cosi’                            (Ya begitulah)

Male                                     (Buruk)

Molto male                        (Buruk sekali)

Kata Kerja Tak Teratur(Stare Tinggal)
Io sto’
Tu stai
Lui/ lei sta’
Noi stiamo
Voi state
Loro stanno

Penggunaan kata kerja Stare:

  • Merujuk ke lokasi
Sto a casa (Saya akan ada dirumah).
  • Merujuk ke kesehatan
Come stai? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)
  • Merujuk ke opini pribadi
Mi sta bene! (Saya setuju!)
  • Merujuk ke kata kerja yang berarti “sedang”
Sto mangiando (Saya sedang makan).


Conversazione (Percakapan)

Gianni : Bene, allora ci vediamo domani! Baiklah, kita ketemu lagi besok.
Nathalie : Si certo dove? Tentu, dimana?
Gianni : Qui, in via del convento. Disini, di jalan Convento.
Nathalie : Va bene a domani allora! Baiklah, sampai jumpa lagi besok.
Gianni : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!
Nathalie : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!



A dopo (sampai nanti)

Ci vediamo (sampai jumpa)

Arrivederci (sampai jumpa lagi)

A presto (sampai bertemu lagi)

A domani (sampai besok)

Ciao (Halo/ sampai jumpa)

A piu’ tardi (sampai nanti)

Latihan. Lengkapi dengan  kata kerja “essere” dan “stare” :

 1     Ciao come tu (stare)__________?

2     Bene grazie e lei come (stare) __________?

3     Anch’io (stare) __________bene.

4     Voi (stare) __________qui a Milano?

5     Noi (stare) __________a Milano per lavoro.

6     Dove (essere) __________i tuoi amici?

7     La lezione (essere) __________difficile.

8     Io (essere) __________stanco.

9     Tu  (essere) __________Marcello.

Dizionarietto (Kamus mini)

a di
Allora jadi
Amico teman
Anche juga
Bene baik
Ciao sampai  jumpa
Certo tentu
Come seperti
Di dari
Difficile susah

Penulis adalah Pengarang Buku Bahasa Italia: “Parli Italiano” & “Elementi di Grammatica Italiana” yang di terbitkan oleh PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Penulis belajar bahasa Italia di Universita per Stranieri Di Perugia, Italy.

Poor Little Cat

Yesterday, I was going outside to buy credit for my cellphone. I usually go to the nearest market.

In the street, I glanced upon a poor little cat that was lying down, and she seemed very weak. I didn’t understand. Where did this cat come from?

After buying credit for my cellphone, I came back and saw that the kitten was still there. Since I couldn’t stand the thought of seeing it suffer and leave it there, I took the cat home. The people around stared at me as if I was a little robber, but I didn’t care what they thought.

At home, I tried to give her some milk, but this cat was really very weak. I tried to put a baby’s bottle to her mouth but it was difficult, because she was too weak. I had an idea; maybe this cat was too hungry. Then, without any doubt, I went to a little restaurant near home. I bought a fish. The seller asked me why I only bought a fish and didn’t get rice to go with it. I just smiled at her cause I was too shy to explain. And I thought that it was not necessary to explain.

Coming back home, I gave delicious fish to the cat, but she didn’t want to eat this delicious fish. I tried to feed her with my hand and make her stand but, she even was too weak to stand!

Finally, I came to the conclusion that this cat had been poisoned by someone, or maybe she had eaten poison for mice, as the taste of fish was very delicious for any mammals. I saw clearly that she had breathing difficulties, and she used her throat to breath! I saw those her eyes were empty without any hopes to live any longer. It seemed that she had known she would die soon…

“No cat! We have just met several minutes ago, and I will never let you leave me! NEVER! WAKE UP!” I screamed loudly while making her stand.

I tried many different ways to make her wake up, but the result was always nothing…

I was struggling to help her and realized that an hour had gone past. Because of this, I was already late for an appointment with my friend to have lunch at his house [By the way, he always cooks perfectly and I worship all of his food], so I left this poor cat on my terrace. I let her lie down without any power to save her.

After having lunch and surfing on internet at his house, i went back home and saw that cat has already died! I was really sad, but I had known that it’s a consequence she could not avoid. I brought her to the garden and buried her. She didn’t deserve to be thrown to the river near home. For me, the cat is like a human, because they have feelings, too, just like us. It was one of the saddest days I have had ever pass. All I could do was to just pray, sincerely with my tears, that she would be okay in the afterlife.

The Simple Past Tense

The Simple Past (by Kidovatov)

The simple past explains an event, which happened in the simple form and also known the time of the events.

They, we, I, you



He, she, it

Note that V2 (second Verb) is only used in The Simple Past. There are two types of verb: regular verbs and irregular verbs. To change into regular verbs, simply add –ed or -d in the end of certain verbs. For irregular verbs, however you must memorize the change.

Regular verbs


Irregular verbs








to add -> added to begin -> began
to annoy -> annoyed to bite -> bit
to convey -> conveyed to forget -> forgot
to weary -> wearied to get -> got
to beg -> begged to go -> went
to travel -> travelled to lay -> laid
  • Tells events in the past

Michele Pisante, the new world Grand Master of Shokan, crowded over his victory

Monica saw a good film yesterday

Mikhail went to Dmitrovgrad last week

They came here last night


Read this short passage, which contains Simple Past. Pay close attention to the verbs in italics. Each of these verbs tells us what happened.


Please Send Me a Card


Postcards always spoil my holidays. Last summer, I went to Italy. I visited museums and sat in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word. Every day I thought about postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send any cards to my friends. On the last day I made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent the whole day in my room, but I did not write a single card!

Comprehension Precis and Composition

Answer these question in not more than 50 words.

  1. Do postcards always spoil the writer’s holidays or not?
  2. Where did he spend his holidays last summer?
  3. What did he think about every day?
  4. Did he send any cards di to his friends or not?
  5. How many cards did he buy on the last day?
  6. Where did he stay all day?
  7. Did he write any cards or not?


Special Difficulties

He lent me a book.

Instead of saying:   We can say:
He lent me a book He lent a book to me
He sent me a card He sent a card to me
He passed me the salt He passed The salt to me
She bought me a tie She bought a tie for me
She made me a cake She made a cake for me


Write each of the following sentences in a different way:

  1. He paid the shop-keeper some money.
  2. He did me a big favour.
  3. She showed her husband her new hat.
  4. I owe him a lot of money.
  5. Pass the mustard to your father.