Tag Archive | learn

English Phrasal Verbs (Part 2)

Part II

  1. Get away with to escape punishment for

The villain, who has been in the prison for three times, had robbed the bank, but he got away with it.

  1. Get in(to) to enter a car

What a careless man! Take the purse then get into the car quickly!

  1. Get off to leave a bus, train etc.

I always get off the school bus at 7.30

  1. Get on (with) to have a good relationship (with)

Melannie can get on with everybody easily.

  1. Get on (to) to enter a bus, train etc.

You must show the ticket to the conductor after getting on the train.

  1. Get out (of) to leave a car, building, room, etc.

Quick! Get out of the car or you’ll become roast corpse!

  1. Get over to recover from (an illness)

I usually need a week to get over from flu.

  1. Get up to leave your bed

What a lazy girl! She’s always getting up after 8!

  1. Give away to give something free of charge

They’ll give a bar of chocolate away if you show that today is your birthday.

  1. Give back to return something you’ve taken/borrowed

I never give the books back to the library before the due date.

  1. Give up to stop doing something you do regularly

Enough already! I give up playing video games 3 hours a day!

  1. Go away to leave a place/someone

“You are disgusting! Telling my big secret to everyone without feeling any guilty. Now, go away!”

  1. Go back (to) to return (to)

I believe that someday I will go back to meet you in the promised land.

  1. Go off to no longer be fresh

These avocadoes have already gone off! I can’t consume them or I’ll get matters with my belly.

  1. Go on to continue happening or doing something

I go on with my homework in the classroom despite being scolded by teachers.

  1. Go on to happen

Please, don’t fire me! I assure that this pathetic experience will never go on anymore in the future.

  1. Go out to stop burning

The electronic centre, which I’m used to visiting, burnt at night and didn’t go out until the firefighter came late.

  1. Go out with to be the boyfriend/girlfriend of

Matthew is going out with Katie for 3 years now, after they met on a blind date.

  1. Grow up to become older (for children)

My cats grow up fast as I give them a lot of protein and meat.

  1. Hang on to wait

Hang on, I must answer to my mother’s question first.

  1. Hang up to put clothes in a wardrobe, etc.

I can’t hang up my clothes since I don’t have any wardrobes.

  1. Hang up to put the receiver down to end a phone call

I don’t like people who hang up without saying ‘good-bye’, it sounds rude to me!

  1. Have on to wear (a piece of clothing)

The cats have cute clothes on and are ready to hang out with my dog.

  1. Hurry up to do something more quickly

If I go with my father, I won’t need to hurry up preparing the equipment for picnic since he’s such a slow person.

  1. Join in to participate, take part

This time tomorrow I will be joining in the play.

  1. Keep out to prevent from entering

You can’t step on the grass, there’s plank written “keep out!”

  1. Leave out to not include

I don’t like Stanislav and Slava, so I leave them out attending my party.

  1. Let down to disappoint

My students’ bad behaviour always let me down.

  1. Lie down to start lying (on a bed, etc.)

I’m so tired that I lie down without take my jacket down.

  1. Log off to disconnect from the Internet/a website

I don’t know how to log off from this messy website since the appearance isn’t rather user friendly.

English Phrasal Verbs (Part 1)

This is the list of phrasal verbs from English exercise book “Destination B1” – Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles published by MacMillan. Note that I create my own sentence from each phrasal verb.

Part I

  1. Add up to find the total of

I add up all the books, which I’ve bought from the bookstore, and give the bills to my mother to get reimbursement.

  1. Blow up to explode

His inventions have been blowing up for the last 3 months and make him rich abruptly.

  1. Break down to stop working (for a machine)

The sewing machine broke down yesterday, so that the supervisor must call someone to service the machine and fix the issues to fulfill demands before the due date.

  1. Break in(to) to enter illegally

My mother-in-law’s house was broken into by a stranger when the family was not there yesterday.

  1. Bring up to take care of a child until he or she becomes an adult

Since my grandmother didn’t have any children, she brought up my mother on her own.

  1. Build up to increase

The more you practice English the more you build up your skill.

  1. Call back to ring again on the phone

You sound busy, I’ll call you back later.

  1. Call off to cancel

The huge riot calls off the concert in the square.

  1. Calm down to become/make calmer

As the cat is frightened for seeing the catastrophe, it runs up and down everywhere and is difficult to calm down.

  1. Carry on to continue

I’ll never stop carrying on my journey to success.

  1. Catch up (with) to reach the same point/level as

The less smart students find great difficulties to catch up with their friends in the classroom.

  1. Cheer up to become/make happier

Because of living in the pole, Andrey cheers up like a crazy when he’s able to see the sun.

  1. Clear up to tidy

I always clear my room up before I go to work.

  1. Come across to find something by chance

Finally I come across some difficult words, which I’ve been searching for for a long time.

  1. Come back (from) to return (from)

The husband never comes back home early after work as he always visits his hidden girlfriend first.

  1. Come on to be quicker

Since my mother wakes up late, she must come on or she’ll miss the important meeting.

  1. Come out to be published

Tizziano Ferro, a popular Italian singer, came out with his big secret, which has been buried along his successful career.

  1. Cross out to draw a line through something written

The children must cross out to answer the exercises.

  1. Cut down (on) to do less of something (smoking, etc.)

Grandpa cuts down on the numbers of cigarettes he smokes to decrease the risk of cancer.

  1. Cut off to disconnect (phone, electricity, etc.)

My electricity is cut off since I haven’t paid the bill for 2 months.

  1. Cut off to completely remove by cutting

The mango has a lot of worms! I’ve to cut off some of its parts.

  1. Do up to button/zip up a piece of clothing

You’ve to do up your clothes since it’s getting colder.

  1. Eat out to eat at a restaurant

He never eats out since he only earns $100 every month; Furthermore he can’t afford to buy basic daily needs.

  1. Fall down to trip and fall

The woman fell down yesterday when she was trying to climb the mountain and hurt her vulnerable backbone.

  1. Fall out (with) to have an argument with someone and stop being friends

It’s such a pity that I fell out with my best friend and now we stop communicating.

  1. Fill in to add information in the spaces on a form, etc.

You ought to fill this form in or you’ll miss the class.

  1. Fill up to make something completely full

My cat fills his stomach up with a lot of expensive cat food.

  1. Find out to discover information, etc.

It’s very difficult to find out the street since I’m not familiar with the area.

Inversion

 

Inversion

Inversion => Change the order of something

Using with negative expressions (Verb – Subject – Verb):
Not only did he win, but he also broke the record
Under no circumtances should you call her (=> in no situation, should you call)
The mayor of Toronto refused to resign, nor do we expect him to

In a very formal style (you can also find these in essays)
Should you need any help, don’t hesitate to call (=>Should = if [more formal])
Had I known you were coming (If I had known you were coming…)

Comparatives:
John speaks Chinese, as does Lucy
More impostant than love is money

Some expressions:
Here comes Jane.
Man, is it cold out! (=> the function is only to emphasize)
Are you sure? (notice that in all question sentences, inversion happens)

EXERCISE
1. “Had I not fallen asleep before the end of the movie, I’d have found out who killed the Minister.”
This sentence can be rewritten as:
a) If I didn’t fall asleep before the end of the movie, I will find out who killed the Minister.
b) If I hadn’t fallen asleep before the end of the movie, I’d have found out who killed the Minister.
c) If I’d known who killed the Minister, I would not have fallen asleep near the end of the movie.
d) I know who killed the Minister. It was the butler.

2. Complete the following sentence:
You do not have to say anything to the police, nor_______________
a) are you required to sign any documents.
b) you are required to sign any documents.
c) you have to sign anything.

3. Not only _____________ pass the test, but he got the highest mark in the class!
a) Joe did
b) Joe didn’t
c) didn’t Joe
d) did Joe

4. What is the subject of the following sentence?
“Here comes Michael.”
a) Here
b) comes
c) Michael

5. Which of the following sentences uses inversion to express disbelief, shock, or strong emotion?
a) He is a such a man!
b) Man, is he brave!
c) He is a brave man.
d) Is he brave?

6. “More important than your application will be your interview.”
What does this sentence mean?
a) Your application will be more important than your interview.
b) Your interview will be more important than your application.
c) More importantly, your application will then be your interview.

7. Under no circumstances _________ reach your hand out of the bus.
a) you can
b) you shouldn’t
c) should you
d) shoulder you

8. “Should you need some advice, call me.”
This sentence can be rewritten as:
a) Call me if you need some advice.
b) If you call me, I’ll advise you.
c) Should you call me for advice?
d) Take my advice, call me.

9. Not only __________ watch the lesson, but you did the quiz as well!
a) you did
b) you don’t
c) did you
d) have you

Check your answer: b a d c b b c a c

Unique and Funny Multitasking

Multitasking is several vims which are done simultaneously. It may save your time, increase productivity and prevents procrastination; in some cases, save your money. But not all multitasking is good to accomplish. It sometimes impairs your concentration as based on research, a human brain can do one thing in a time. Doing multitasking sometimes can be unique and funny, for instance:

Cat’s multitasking

This innocent cat seemed happy with his activities as it ate and defecated in the same time. It didn’t worry its environment at all, and kept focus on his cute actions.

cute cat

5 activities in the same time

If you notice this picture. I bet you can guess easily what was happening. Yes! He was driving a bus, smoking a cigarette, drinking a cup of coffee, calling through cell phone and serving passengers. Two thumbs up for this versatile steersman.

naughy driver

Parenting

While naughty sister was being ordered to take care of her small relative. She was preoccupied playing game with her tablet. As she did not want to abandon hers, she used her foot to manage the bottle of milk. Her parents would have been angry and laugh seeing this funny occurrence.

Parenting

Hula hoop

Admittedly, Hula hoop can solve fat problem especially on belly’s part. While he prickled on his nose, picking his nose should be done. The bravo boy seemed so straightforward that he did not notice what was he doing.

Hula hoop

Playing Game

Most of us love to play consoles to diminish exhaustion and replenish our happiness. It is sometimes sucks to receive a call when we are eager playing game (in fact I feel the same, lol). As he did not want to leave both of these vigours, this dude kept continuing two hustles at the same time. Well, With a little help of his foot, he could ensure his cell phone stick on his ear.

Playing Game

Memperkenalkan Diri dalam Bahasa Italia

Memperkenalkan diri merupakan hal yang lazim digunakan ketika Anda baru mengenal seseorang. Dalam tulisan kali ini, Berikut disajikan percakapan sederhana untuk memperkenalkan diri dalam bahasa Italia.

Gianni : Sei tu Annemarie? Kamu Annemarie?
Annemarie : Si, sono io. Ya, saya sendiri.
Gianni : Ciao, io sono Gianni. Hai, saya Gianni.
Annemarie : Ciao, piacere!. Hai, senang bertemu denganmu.
Gianni : Sei italiana? Kamu orang Italia?
Annemarie : Si sono italiana di Oristano e tu? Ya, saya orang Italia berasal dari Oristano dan kamu?
Gianni : Anch’io sono italiano ma di Cagliari. Saya juga orang Italia tapi dari Cagliari.

 

Kata Ganti Subjek:

Kata Ganti Subjek   Kata Kerja tak teratur(Essere)
Io Saya Io Sono
Tu Kamu tu Sei
Lui / lei Dia Lui/ lei E’
Noi Kami noi Siamo
Voi Kalian voi Avete
Loro Mereka loro sono

Menanyakan Kabar (Come stai? Apa kabarmu?)

Molto bene                        (Baik-baik saja)

Bene                                     (Baik)

Abbastanza bene             (Cukup baik)

Non c’e’ male                    (Tidak buruk/lumayan)

Cosi’ cosi’                            (Ya begitulah)

Male                                     (Buruk)

Molto male                        (Buruk sekali)

Kata Kerja Tak Teratur(Stare Tinggal)
Io sto’
Tu stai
Lui/ lei sta’
Noi stiamo
Voi state
Loro stanno

Penggunaan kata kerja Stare:

  • Merujuk ke lokasi
Sto a casa (Saya akan ada dirumah).
  • Merujuk ke kesehatan
Come stai? (Bagaimana kabarmu?)
  • Merujuk ke opini pribadi
Mi sta bene! (Saya setuju!)
  • Merujuk ke kata kerja yang berarti “sedang”
Sto mangiando (Saya sedang makan).

 

Conversazione (Percakapan)

Gianni : Bene, allora ci vediamo domani! Baiklah, kita ketemu lagi besok.
Nathalie : Si certo dove? Tentu, dimana?
Gianni : Qui, in via del convento. Disini, di jalan Convento.
Nathalie : Va bene a domani allora! Baiklah, sampai jumpa lagi besok.
Gianni : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!
Nathalie : Ciao! Selamat tinggal!

 

Berpamitan

A dopo (sampai nanti)

Ci vediamo (sampai jumpa)

Arrivederci (sampai jumpa lagi)

A presto (sampai bertemu lagi)

A domani (sampai besok)

Ciao (Halo/ sampai jumpa)

A piu’ tardi (sampai nanti)

Latihan. Lengkapi dengan  kata kerja “essere” dan “stare” :

 1     Ciao come tu (stare)__________?

2     Bene grazie e lei come (stare) __________?

3     Anch’io (stare) __________bene.

4     Voi (stare) __________qui a Milano?

5     Noi (stare) __________a Milano per lavoro.

6     Dove (essere) __________i tuoi amici?

7     La lezione (essere) __________difficile.

8     Io (essere) __________stanco.

9     Tu  (essere) __________Marcello.

Dizionarietto (Kamus mini)

a di
Allora jadi
Amico teman
Anche juga
Bene baik
Ciao sampai  jumpa
Certo tentu
Come seperti
Di dari
Difficile susah

Penulis adalah Pengarang Buku Bahasa Italia: “Parli Italiano” & “Elementi di Grammatica Italiana” yang di terbitkan oleh PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Penulis belajar bahasa Italia di Universita per Stranieri Di Perugia, Italy.

Poor Little Cat

Yesterday, I was going outside to buy credit for my cellphone. I usually go to the nearest market.

In the street, I glanced upon a poor little cat that was lying down, and she seemed very weak. I didn’t understand. Where did this cat come from?

After buying credit for my cellphone, I came back and saw that the kitten was still there. Since I couldn’t stand the thought of seeing it suffer and leave it there, I took the cat home. The people around stared at me as if I was a little robber, but I didn’t care what they thought.

At home, I tried to give her some milk, but this cat was really very weak. I tried to put a baby’s bottle to her mouth but it was difficult, because she was too weak. I had an idea; maybe this cat was too hungry. Then, without any doubt, I went to a little restaurant near home. I bought a fish. The seller asked me why I only bought a fish and didn’t get rice to go with it. I just smiled at her cause I was too shy to explain. And I thought that it was not necessary to explain.

Coming back home, I gave delicious fish to the cat, but she didn’t want to eat this delicious fish. I tried to feed her with my hand and make her stand but, she even was too weak to stand!

Finally, I came to the conclusion that this cat had been poisoned by someone, or maybe she had eaten poison for mice, as the taste of fish was very delicious for any mammals. I saw clearly that she had breathing difficulties, and she used her throat to breath! I saw those her eyes were empty without any hopes to live any longer. It seemed that she had known she would die soon…

“No cat! We have just met several minutes ago, and I will never let you leave me! NEVER! WAKE UP!” I screamed loudly while making her stand.

I tried many different ways to make her wake up, but the result was always nothing…

I was struggling to help her and realized that an hour had gone past. Because of this, I was already late for an appointment with my friend to have lunch at his house [By the way, he always cooks perfectly and I worship all of his food], so I left this poor cat on my terrace. I let her lie down without any power to save her.

After having lunch and surfing on internet at his house, i went back home and saw that cat has already died! I was really sad, but I had known that it’s a consequence she could not avoid. I brought her to the garden and buried her. She didn’t deserve to be thrown to the river near home. For me, the cat is like a human, because they have feelings, too, just like us. It was one of the saddest days I have had ever pass. All I could do was to just pray, sincerely with my tears, that she would be okay in the afterlife.